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Improved dimensional stability with bioactive glass fibre skeleton in poly(lactide-co-glycolide) porous scaffolds for tissue engineering

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Details

Original languageEnglish
Article number5584
Pages (from-to)457-466
Number of pages10
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering C: Materials for Biological Applications
Volume56
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jul 2015
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Abstract

Abstract Bone tissue engineering requires highly porous three-dimensional (3D) scaffolds with preferable osteoconductive properties, controlled degradation, and good dimensional stability. In this study, highly porous 3D poly(d,l-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) - bioactive glass (BG) composites (PLGA/BG) were manufactured by combining highly porous 3D fibrous BG mesh skeleton with porous PLGA in a freeze-drying process. The 3D structure of the scaffolds was investigated as well as in vitro hydrolytic degradation for 10 weeks. The effect of BG on the dimensional stability, scaffold composition, pore structure, and degradation behaviour of the scaffolds was evaluated. The composites showed superior pore structure as the BG fibres inhibited shrinkage of the scaffolds. The BG was also shown to buffer the acidic degradation products of PLGA. These results demonstrate the potential of these PLGA/BG composites for bone tissue engineering, but the ability of this kind of PLGA/BG composites to promote bone regeneration will be studied in forthcoming in vivo studies.

Keywords

  • Bioactive glass, Bone, Composite, Freeze-drying, Poly(d,l-lactide-co-glycolide), Tissue engineering

Publication forum classification

Field of science, Statistics Finland