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Improved oxidation resistance of conducting polychloroprene composites

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14-19
Number of pages6
JournalComposites Science and Technology
Volume74
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Jan 2013
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Abstract

Polychloroprene (CR) composites were prepared using unmodified and ionic liquid modified carbon nanotubes (CNTs) respectively. The composites with ionic liquid modified CNTs (M-CNTs) were found to exhibit high electrical conductivity, improved tensile modulus and thermal stability as opposed to the composites with unmodified CNTs (R-CNTs) [1,2]. The current article deals with the accelerated thermal aging of the aforementioned two different composites at various temperatures and time periods in aerobic conditions. Post-aging results are better for M-CNTs/CR composites: Enhanced retention of mechanical property (tensile strength) and reduced surface defects (as revealed by scanning electron microscopy pictures) were observed. It is inferred that ionic liquid (IL) acts as an anti-oxidant protecting the composites from surface oxidation. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopic studies confirmed the presence of hydroxyl and carbonyl regions in the aged samples; however, the intensity of the regions was least for the composites with M-CNTs. Surprisingly, the electrical conductivity of M-CNTs/CR composites increased upon aging and therefore, these composites can be used for applications where conductivity at elevated temperatures is required.

Keywords

  • A. Carbon nanotubes, A. Nanocomposites, B. Mechanical properties, B. Thermal properties, CNTs, CR, IL, Ionic liquids, M-CNTs, MWCNTs, R-CNTs