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In Silico Populations Optimized on Optogenetic Recordings Predict Drug Effects in Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell-Derived Cardiomyocytes

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

Details

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationComputing in Cardiology 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventComputing in Cardiology - Maastricht, Netherlands
Duration: 23 Sep 201826 Oct 2018

Publication series

NameComputing in Cardiology
Volume45
ISSN (Electronic)2325-887X

Conference

ConferenceComputing in Cardiology
CountryNetherlands
CityMaastricht
Period23/09/1826/10/18

Abstract

All-optical high-throughput systems allow simultaneous high resolution action potential (AP) and Ca2+ transient (CaTr) measurements from cardiomyocytes within multicellular context, offering means to speed up in vitro drug tests. Here, we aim to develop experimentallyconstrained in silico models of human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CMs) and hiPSC-CM populations to predict drug effects in humans, by leveraging functional data obtained by all-optical means. Using multi-objective genetic algorithms (MoGAs), we constructed three control populations of in silico hiPSC-CMs, constrained with experimental data of APs and CaTrs recorded at room temperature and non-paced conditions from three different plates containing hiPSCCM syncytia. We then simulated the effect of increasing doses of Diltiazem (130 models), Cisapride (200 models) and Astemizole (200 models) in the three populations, respectively. Comparing model predictions with the experimental drug administration (not used for the optimization/calibration of the populations) revealed good agreement with experiments: e.g. Diltiazem shortened APs while Astemizole and Cisapride prolonged APs.

Publication forum classification

Field of science, Statistics Finland