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Infiltrated bunch of solitons in Bi-doped frequency-shifted feedback fibre laser operated at 1450 nm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Original languageEnglish
Article number44194
JournalScientific Reports
Publication statusPublished - 10 Mar 2017
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


Mode-locked fibre laser as a dissipative system is characterized by rich forms of soliton interaction, which take place via internal energy exchange through noisy background in the presence of dispersion and nonlinearity. The result of soliton interaction was either stationary-localized or chaotically-oscillated soliton complexes, which have been shown before as stand-alone in the cavity. Here we report on a new form of solitons complex observed in Bi-doped mode-locked fibre laser operated at 1450 nm. The solitons are arranged in two different group types contemporizing in the cavity: one pulse group propagates as bound solitons with fixed phase relation and interpulse position eventuated in 30 dB spectrum modulation depth; while the other pulses form a bunch with continuously and chaotically moving solitons. The article describes both experimental and theoretical considerations of this effect.

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Field of science, Statistics Finland

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