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Inkjet printed, self powered, wireless sensors for environmental, gas, and authentication-based sensing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Original languageEnglish
Article number6008617
Pages (from-to)3139-3152
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Sensors Journal
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


In this paper, inkjet-printed flexible sensors fabricated on paper substrates are introduced as a system-level solution for ultra-low-cost mass production of UHF Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Tags and wireless sensor nodes in a green approach that could be easily extended to other microwave and wireless applications. The authors briefly touch up the state-of-the-art area of fully integrated wireless sensor modules on paper and show several active and power scavenging platforms to power on wireless sensors that could potentially set the foundation for the truly convergent wireless sensor ad hoc networks of the future. Plus, the authors address the integration of carbon-nanotubes on paper substrates for the realization of ultra sensitive (parts per billion) gas sensors and present benchmarking results for various scavenging approaches involving solar and charge transfer-based mechanisms. Various challenges of packaging, passives, antennas, sensors and power sources integration are investigated in terms of ruggedness, reliability and flexibility performance for space, automotive, "smart-skin" and wearable applications.


  • Antennas, battery-less, carbon nanotube, green electronics, inkjet-printed electronics, low-power, passives, radio frequency (RF), radio frequency identification (RFID), sensor, solar, system-on-paper, system-onpackage (SOP), wireless