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INSURE - Information Security of Location Estimation and Navigation Applications: (poster presentation)

Research output: Other conference contributionPaper, poster or abstractScientific


Original languageEnglish
Publication statusUnpublished - 2016


Positioning and navigation technologies include
satellite-based systems, i.e. Global Navigation Satellite Systems
(GNSS), as well as non-GNSS techniques for determining the
position of a person or an object of interest. Localization solutions
on mobile devices are becoming a reality and they will open the
gate towards the future personalized Location Based Services
and towards enhanced public safety solutions. Many navigation
systems are also capable of providing precision timing. Such
systems are increasingly being used in safety- and/or security-
critical applications such as aviation, autonomous vehicles, and
emergency services, as well as synchronization within communi-
cation systems, financial infrastructures, power grids, etc. This
makes navigation technologies not only an obvious target for
malicious attacks but also a critical point-of-failure in case of
unintentional disruption. The growth in vulnerabilities has far
outpaced the spread in public and authorities awareness, as well
as development of mitigation techniques. In short, the security
and privacy aspects of positioning and timing technologies have
been scarcely addressed. Secure positioning solutions involve not
only the physical layer, where robust and trustable solutions need
to be devised under a variety of scenarios (such as intentional
attacks, unintentional interferences due to spectrum crowdedness,
deteriorations and false entries in the location databases), but
also the upper layers where security protocols for positioning
need to be designed and algorithms to validate the anonymous
reputation and to determine the trust level of the players involved
in the localization flow are needed. Our INSURE project, to be
presented as a poster, is to to create (1) beyond state-of-the-art
knowledge for improving robustness of GNSS receivers against

jamming and spoofing, (2) advanced methods for improving
user privacy and information security in non-GNSS positioning,
and (3) legislative solutions in terms of policy and regulatory
recommendations for improving the privacy of end-user data
exchanged in location-based services. This project integrates the
expertise of four research groups within Finland, resulting in
a transdisciplinary consortium. The combined expertise areas
include positioning and navigation technologies, sensor fusion,
statistical analysis, communication and automation engineering,
cryptography, and information law. The core partners in the
consortium are the Finnish Geospatial Research Institute, Tam-
pere University of Technology (two departments involved), and
University of Helsinki, supported by a number of complementary
collaborators and industry partners from the EU and the USA,
each at the leading edge of research in their respective technology
domains. The project, meant for two years, started on 1st of
September 2016. The successful implementation of the project is
expected to positively impact novel technology and algorithm de-
velopment, its commercialization potential, its influence on future
regulations, and its significance in shaping the public perception
about secure, privacy-strengthened, and robust location-based
applications and services. This research work will complement
Finlands existing position as a front-runner in location-based
ecosystems. The poster will present the project structure, the
project main assumptions and a three-layer localization model
which is the basis of our studies. It is expected that its research
topics will attract the attention of the conference audience for
future potential collaborations and interractions