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Introduction and Early Use of Computers in the Finnish Retail Industry

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-55
JournalIEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


The retail industry in Finland was at the national forefront in terms of computer adoption shortly after the Second World War. Analyzing the societal, organizational, and industryspecific preconditions and the drivers for this early adoption, both at industrial and organizational levels, helps illustrate how this development unfolded inside the four major retailing organizations in Finland from the 1950s to the late 1970s.

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Field of science, Statistics Finland

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