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Introduction and Early Use of Computers in the Finnish Retail Industry

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Introduction and Early Use of Computers in the Finnish Retail Industry. / Valorinta, Mikko; Nokelainen, Tomi.

In: IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, Vol. 33, No. 4, 2011, p. 45-55.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Harvard

Valorinta, M & Nokelainen, T 2011, 'Introduction and Early Use of Computers in the Finnish Retail Industry', IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 45-55. https://doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2011.76

APA

Valorinta, M., & Nokelainen, T. (2011). Introduction and Early Use of Computers in the Finnish Retail Industry. IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, 33(4), 45-55. https://doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2011.76

Vancouver

Valorinta M, Nokelainen T. Introduction and Early Use of Computers in the Finnish Retail Industry. IEEE Annals of the History of Computing. 2011;33(4):45-55. https://doi.org/10.1109/MAHC.2011.76

Author

Valorinta, Mikko ; Nokelainen, Tomi. / Introduction and Early Use of Computers in the Finnish Retail Industry. In: IEEE Annals of the History of Computing. 2011 ; Vol. 33, No. 4. pp. 45-55.

Bibtex - Download

@article{c55054b776024507a83ed11cd5b9059c,
title = "Introduction and Early Use of Computers in the Finnish Retail Industry",
abstract = "The retail industry in Finland was at the national forefront in terms of computer adoption shortly after the Second World War. Analyzing the societal, organizational, and industryspecific preconditions and the drivers for this early adoption, both at industrial and organizational levels, helps illustrate how this development unfolded inside the four major retailing organizations in Finland from the 1950s to the late 1970s.",
author = "Mikko Valorinta and Tomi Nokelainen",
note = "Contribution: organisation=tta,FACT1=1",
year = "2011",
doi = "10.1109/MAHC.2011.76",
language = "English",
volume = "33",
pages = "45--55",
journal = "IEEE Annals of the History of Computing",
issn = "1058-6180",
publisher = "Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers",
number = "4",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Introduction and Early Use of Computers in the Finnish Retail Industry

AU - Valorinta, Mikko

AU - Nokelainen, Tomi

N1 - Contribution: organisation=tta,FACT1=1

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - The retail industry in Finland was at the national forefront in terms of computer adoption shortly after the Second World War. Analyzing the societal, organizational, and industryspecific preconditions and the drivers for this early adoption, both at industrial and organizational levels, helps illustrate how this development unfolded inside the four major retailing organizations in Finland from the 1950s to the late 1970s.

AB - The retail industry in Finland was at the national forefront in terms of computer adoption shortly after the Second World War. Analyzing the societal, organizational, and industryspecific preconditions and the drivers for this early adoption, both at industrial and organizational levels, helps illustrate how this development unfolded inside the four major retailing organizations in Finland from the 1950s to the late 1970s.

U2 - 10.1109/MAHC.2011.76

DO - 10.1109/MAHC.2011.76

M3 - Article

VL - 33

SP - 45

EP - 55

JO - IEEE Annals of the History of Computing

JF - IEEE Annals of the History of Computing

SN - 1058-6180

IS - 4

ER -