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Investigation of long-term chemical stability of structured ZnO films in aqueous solutions of varying conditions

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Investigation of long-term chemical stability of structured ZnO films in aqueous solutions of varying conditions. / Heinonen, Saara; Nikkanen, Juha-Pekka; Huttunen-Saarivirta, Elina; Levänen, Erkki.

In: Thin Solid Films, Vol. 638, 30.09.2017, p. 410-419.

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@article{9691280996c54761bf829e1da436ddf9,
title = "Investigation of long-term chemical stability of structured ZnO films in aqueous solutions of varying conditions",
abstract = "Nanostructured zinc oxide, ZnO, films feature attractive functional properties, but their long-term stability needs further investigation. Here, ZnO thin films with well-aligned rod-like structure were grown on stainless steel substrate. The long-term chemical stability of the ZnO films was investigated in solutions with varying pH values (3 − 11) to enhance knowledge about the durability of films in acidic and basic environments. The solubility and stability of the films in the solutions were investigated using atomic absorption spectrophotometry, scanning electron microscopy imaging and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analyses, as well as by monitoring changes in water contact angle of the films and in the pH values of the solutions. The ZnO film was found to be most stable at highest pH value, with the amount of dissolved zinc being lowest among the studied pH values and the changes observed with other characterization methods being minor compared to the samples immersed to other solutions. At the lowest pH, the film was removed rapidly from the substrate by dissolution. In solutions featuring pH values 5 and 9, the measured pH was unstable and changed constantly until it reached the value 7.2–7.6, i.e., until the equilibrium of different chemical species in the solution was achieved. These results are presented and discussed in this paper from the viewpoint of applicability of the ZnO films.",
keywords = "Chemical stability, Hydrothermal synthesis, pH, Solubility, Thin film, Zinc oxide",
author = "Saara Heinonen and Juha-Pekka Nikkanen and Elina Huttunen-Saarivirta and Erkki Lev{\"a}nen",
year = "2017",
month = "9",
day = "30",
doi = "10.1016/j.tsf.2017.07.055",
language = "English",
volume = "638",
pages = "410--419",
journal = "Thin Solid Films",
issn = "0040-6090",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Investigation of long-term chemical stability of structured ZnO films in aqueous solutions of varying conditions

AU - Heinonen, Saara

AU - Nikkanen, Juha-Pekka

AU - Huttunen-Saarivirta, Elina

AU - Levänen, Erkki

PY - 2017/9/30

Y1 - 2017/9/30

N2 - Nanostructured zinc oxide, ZnO, films feature attractive functional properties, but their long-term stability needs further investigation. Here, ZnO thin films with well-aligned rod-like structure were grown on stainless steel substrate. The long-term chemical stability of the ZnO films was investigated in solutions with varying pH values (3 − 11) to enhance knowledge about the durability of films in acidic and basic environments. The solubility and stability of the films in the solutions were investigated using atomic absorption spectrophotometry, scanning electron microscopy imaging and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analyses, as well as by monitoring changes in water contact angle of the films and in the pH values of the solutions. The ZnO film was found to be most stable at highest pH value, with the amount of dissolved zinc being lowest among the studied pH values and the changes observed with other characterization methods being minor compared to the samples immersed to other solutions. At the lowest pH, the film was removed rapidly from the substrate by dissolution. In solutions featuring pH values 5 and 9, the measured pH was unstable and changed constantly until it reached the value 7.2–7.6, i.e., until the equilibrium of different chemical species in the solution was achieved. These results are presented and discussed in this paper from the viewpoint of applicability of the ZnO films.

AB - Nanostructured zinc oxide, ZnO, films feature attractive functional properties, but their long-term stability needs further investigation. Here, ZnO thin films with well-aligned rod-like structure were grown on stainless steel substrate. The long-term chemical stability of the ZnO films was investigated in solutions with varying pH values (3 − 11) to enhance knowledge about the durability of films in acidic and basic environments. The solubility and stability of the films in the solutions were investigated using atomic absorption spectrophotometry, scanning electron microscopy imaging and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analyses, as well as by monitoring changes in water contact angle of the films and in the pH values of the solutions. The ZnO film was found to be most stable at highest pH value, with the amount of dissolved zinc being lowest among the studied pH values and the changes observed with other characterization methods being minor compared to the samples immersed to other solutions. At the lowest pH, the film was removed rapidly from the substrate by dissolution. In solutions featuring pH values 5 and 9, the measured pH was unstable and changed constantly until it reached the value 7.2–7.6, i.e., until the equilibrium of different chemical species in the solution was achieved. These results are presented and discussed in this paper from the viewpoint of applicability of the ZnO films.

KW - Chemical stability

KW - Hydrothermal synthesis

KW - pH

KW - Solubility

KW - Thin film

KW - Zinc oxide

U2 - 10.1016/j.tsf.2017.07.055

DO - 10.1016/j.tsf.2017.07.055

M3 - Article

VL - 638

SP - 410

EP - 419

JO - Thin Solid Films

JF - Thin Solid Films

SN - 0040-6090

ER -