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Iron overload of hematological origin: validation of a screening procedure for cardiac overload by MRI in routine clinical practice.

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Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)601-608
Number of pages8
JournalDiagnostic and interventional imaging
Volume94
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2013
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Abstract

Screening for cardiac iron overload is generally done by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and demonstrated by a shortening of the myocardial T2* below 20 ms at 1.5 Tesla. This measurement was validated with a specific sequence and the CMRTools(®) calculation software (reference technique). The objective of this study was to validate the use of sequences and software programs that are available in routine clinical practice to screen for iron overload. First, a phantom of 11 tubes with a T2* between 4 and 33 ms was tested at three sites that had MRI machines of different brands. Second, the myocardial T2* values of 75 patients were measured in routine clinical practice using two methods. The first method used the reference sequence specially installed in the machines associated with the CMRTool software. The second method used the standard acquisition sequences available in the machines followed by calculation on a computer spreadsheet. In the phantom, the mean of the differences in T2* between each machine was 0.6 ms. Thirteen patients had a lowered T2* value with the reference technique. Three cases were poorly classified using the routine technique and corresponded with false positives of low overload (T2* between 18 and 20 ms). Screening for myocardial iron overload can be done by MRI by using sequences and calculation software available in routine clinical practice during the same examination as the one for the evaluation of hepatic iron overload.