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Laser fractional photothermolysis of the skin: Numerical simulation of microthermal zones

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Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-65
Number of pages9
JournalJOURNAL OF COSMETIC AND LASER THERAPY
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Abstract

Background: Laser Fractional Photothermolysis (FP) is one of the innovative techniques for skin remodeling and resurfacing. During treatment, the control of the Microscopic Thermal Zones' (MTZs) dimensions versus pulse energy requires detailed knowledge of the various parameters governing the heat transfer process. In this study, a mathematical model is devised to simulate the effect of pulse energy variations on the dimensions of MTZs. Methods: Two series of simulations for ablative (10.6 μm CO2) and non-ablative (1.550 μm Er:Glass) lasers systems were performed. In each series, simulations were carried for the following pulses energies: 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, and 40 mJ. Results of simulations are validated by histological analysis images of MTZs sections reported in works by Hantash et al. and Bedi et al. Results: MTZs dimensions were compared between histology and those achieved using our simulation model using fusion data technique for both ablative FP and non-ablative FP treatment methods. Depths and widths from simulations are usually deeper (21 ± 2%) and wider (12 ± 2%) when compared with histological analysis data. Conclusion: When accounting for the shrinkage effect of excision of cutaneous tissues, a good correlation can be established between the simulation and the histological analysis results.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

Keywords

  • Bioheat transfer, Laser fractional photothermolysis, Modeling, Simulation, Thermal damage