Leachate and gaseous emissions from initial phases of landfilling mechanically and mechanically-biologically treated municipal solid waste residuals
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Scientific › peer-review
|Number of pages||11|
|Publication status||Published - May 2008|
|Publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|
In this study, the behaviour, and leachate and gaseous emissions during the initial phases of landfilling mechanically (M) and mechanically-biologically (MB) treated municipal solid waste residuals in northern climatic conditions was compared using two landfill lysimeters (112 m3). The results demonstrate that the strong acid phase of M residuals degradation lasts at least 2 years, while in the MB residuals the acid phase lasts only a few months. The SCOD and NH4-N concentrations varied 20-100 g/l and 600-1800 mg/l in M leachate and 1-4 g/l and 100-400 mg/l in MB leachate, respectively. The leaching of SCOD was approximately 40-fold (24.2 and 0.6 kg/t TS) and leaching of NH4-N approximately 5-fold (356 and 60 g/t TS) from the M than MB residuals; thus the effect of biological stabilisation was more marked on the leaching of SCOD than of NH4-N. Moreover gas (methane, carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide) emissions were several-fold higher from the M than MB residuals.