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Liikennejärjestelmän ja -hankkeiden kokonaisvaltainen arviointi

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Details

Original languageFinnish
PublisherTampereen teknillinen yliopisto. Liikenteen tutkimuskeskus Verne.
Number of pages72
ISBN (Electronic)978-952-15-4000-4
Publication statusPublished - 22 Dec 2016
Publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

Publication series

NameTampereen teknillinen yliopisto. Liikenteen tutkimuskeskus Verne. Tutkimusraportti
Volume93
ISSN (Print)2242-3486

Abstract

Transport system planning is constantly evolving. The need to evaluate urban environment and sustainable modes of transport have been recognised. Existing transport project appraisal methods have been developed to evaluate projects for long-haul transport. Current methods do not pay enough attention to urban environment. This report describes the current status of present methods of transport project appraisal based on interviews and a literature review. The report also introduces a new model to evaluate transport projects based on qualitative and strategy-based factors. This model is further developed into a comprehensive resource efficiency model of urban structure, which is presented in a WHOLE-project report to-bepublished in 2017.

Land use and transport have a strong connection, which cannot be found in the existing methods of transport appraisal as they ignore the factors that are crucial in projects in urban environment. However, these methods are required to be used in urban projects that will receive funding from the government. The existing transport project appraisal methods, like cost-benefit analysis have other challenging factors like simplifying multi-dimensional aspects into monetary values and giving a high priority to the value of time. Several alternative methods are presented but they also have the issue of numerical valuation. No holistic model to evaluate transport projects have been provided as different factors cannot be prioritised in relation to each other. More holistic measures are required to evaluate the transport system as a whole instead of analysing different cases individually.

The qualitative transport project appraisal model presented in the report is developed to evaluate the projects according to the national and regional strategies and objectives. The model is divided into ten topics, which are urban structure, economy and business, transport system, walking and cycling, public transport, car traffic, accessibility and reachability, environment, safety and security and health and wellbeing. These topics consist of questions based on strategies and objectives and different indicators and measures to provide the answer to these questions. In a strategy-based approach, the link between urban structure and land use is emphasized. This linkage is mostly ignored by current models. The model is used in cooperation with cost benefit analysis, which describes the financial factors of the project. The strategic model emphasises the holistic and qualitative factors. The model also provides a method for post evaluation as the same questions and measures can be used on the realized results of a project.

Field of science, Statistics Finland

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