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Localized Plasmonic Resonances of Prolate Nanoparticles in a Symmetric Environment: Experimental Verification of the Accuracy of Numerical and Analytical Models

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Original languageEnglish
Article number064038
JournalPhysical Review Applied
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 22 Jun 2018
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


We study the evolution of the surface-plasmon resonances of individual ion-beam-shaped prolate gold nanoparticles embedded in a dielectric SiO2 environment by electron-energy-loss spectroscopy mapping in a scanning transmission electron microscope. The controlled symmetric dielectric environment obtained through the ion-beam-shaping method allows a direct quantitative comparison with numerical results obtained through simulations (auxiliary differential-equation finite-difference time-domain and boundary-element method) and with theoretical results obtained through analytical models (quasistatic model for prolate nanoellipsoids and waveguide model for infinite one-dimensional plasmonic waveguides), with which our experimental results are in very good agreement. We confirm the accuracy of state-of-the-art numerical tools and analytical theories that establish ion-beam shaping as a very promising method to design metal-dielectric nanocomposites with well-predicted optical properties, and with many possible applications in surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy and second-harmonic generation, as well as in conventional applications of metamaterials like negative refraction, superimaging, and invisibility cloaking.

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Field of science, Statistics Finland