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Macro cellular network transition from traditional frequency range to 28 GHz millimeter wave frequency band

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Macro cellular network transition from traditional frequency range to 28 GHz millimeter wave frequency band. / Sheikh, Muhammad Usman; Lempiäinen, Jukka.

In: Wireless Networks, Vol. 24, No. 3, 04.2018, p. 943–953.

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Sheikh, Muhammad Usman ; Lempiäinen, Jukka. / Macro cellular network transition from traditional frequency range to 28 GHz millimeter wave frequency band. In: Wireless Networks. 2018 ; Vol. 24, No. 3. pp. 943–953.

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@article{2cfa5f94cdf54f3e90299658048964e9,
title = "Macro cellular network transition from traditional frequency range to 28 GHz millimeter wave frequency band",
abstract = "The target of this article is to analyze the impact of transition from cellular frequency band i.e. 2.1 GHz to Millimeter Wave (mmWave) frequency band i.e. 28 GHz. A three dimensional ray tracing tool “sAGA” was used to evaluate the performance of the macro cellular network in urban/dense-urban area of the Helsinki city. A detailed analysis of user experience in terms of signal strength and signal quality for outdoor and indoor users is presented. Indoor users at different floors are separately studied in this paper. It is found that in spite of considering high system gain at 28 GHz the mean received signal power is reduced by almost 16.5 dB compared with transmission at 2.1 GHz. However, the SINR is marginally changed at higher frequency. Even with 200 MHz system bandwidth at 28 GHz, no substantial change is witnessed in signal quality for the outdoor and upper floor indoor users. However, the users at lower floors show some sign of degradation in received signal quality with 200 MHz bandwidth. Moreover, it is also emphasized that mobile operators should take benefit of un-utilized spectrum in the mmWave bands. In short, this paper highlights the potential and the gain of mmWave communications.",
keywords = "3D ray tracing, 5G, Macro cellular, Millimeter wave communications, System performance",
author = "Sheikh, {Muhammad Usman} and Jukka Lempi{\"a}inen",
year = "2018",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1007/s11276-016-1390-0",
language = "English",
volume = "24",
pages = "943–953",
journal = "Wireless Networks",
issn = "1022-0038",
publisher = "Springer Verlag",
number = "3",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Macro cellular network transition from traditional frequency range to 28 GHz millimeter wave frequency band

AU - Sheikh, Muhammad Usman

AU - Lempiäinen, Jukka

PY - 2018/4

Y1 - 2018/4

N2 - The target of this article is to analyze the impact of transition from cellular frequency band i.e. 2.1 GHz to Millimeter Wave (mmWave) frequency band i.e. 28 GHz. A three dimensional ray tracing tool “sAGA” was used to evaluate the performance of the macro cellular network in urban/dense-urban area of the Helsinki city. A detailed analysis of user experience in terms of signal strength and signal quality for outdoor and indoor users is presented. Indoor users at different floors are separately studied in this paper. It is found that in spite of considering high system gain at 28 GHz the mean received signal power is reduced by almost 16.5 dB compared with transmission at 2.1 GHz. However, the SINR is marginally changed at higher frequency. Even with 200 MHz system bandwidth at 28 GHz, no substantial change is witnessed in signal quality for the outdoor and upper floor indoor users. However, the users at lower floors show some sign of degradation in received signal quality with 200 MHz bandwidth. Moreover, it is also emphasized that mobile operators should take benefit of un-utilized spectrum in the mmWave bands. In short, this paper highlights the potential and the gain of mmWave communications.

AB - The target of this article is to analyze the impact of transition from cellular frequency band i.e. 2.1 GHz to Millimeter Wave (mmWave) frequency band i.e. 28 GHz. A three dimensional ray tracing tool “sAGA” was used to evaluate the performance of the macro cellular network in urban/dense-urban area of the Helsinki city. A detailed analysis of user experience in terms of signal strength and signal quality for outdoor and indoor users is presented. Indoor users at different floors are separately studied in this paper. It is found that in spite of considering high system gain at 28 GHz the mean received signal power is reduced by almost 16.5 dB compared with transmission at 2.1 GHz. However, the SINR is marginally changed at higher frequency. Even with 200 MHz system bandwidth at 28 GHz, no substantial change is witnessed in signal quality for the outdoor and upper floor indoor users. However, the users at lower floors show some sign of degradation in received signal quality with 200 MHz bandwidth. Moreover, it is also emphasized that mobile operators should take benefit of un-utilized spectrum in the mmWave bands. In short, this paper highlights the potential and the gain of mmWave communications.

KW - 3D ray tracing

KW - 5G

KW - Macro cellular

KW - Millimeter wave communications

KW - System performance

U2 - 10.1007/s11276-016-1390-0

DO - 10.1007/s11276-016-1390-0

M3 - Article

VL - 24

SP - 943

EP - 953

JO - Wireless Networks

JF - Wireless Networks

SN - 1022-0038

IS - 3

ER -