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Magnetomechanical coupled FE simulations of rotating electrical machines

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Original languageEnglish
Article number17095978
Pages (from-to)1484-1499
Number of pages16
JournalCOMPEL: The International Journal for Computation and Mathematics in Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


Purpose - The purpose is to implement and compare different approaches for modelling the magnetostriction phenomenon in iron sheet used in rotating electrical machines. Design/methodology/approach - In the force-based approach, the magnetostriction is modelled as a set of equivalent forces, which produce the same deformation of the material as the magnetostriction strains. These forces among other magnetic forces are computed from the solution of the finite element (FE) field computation and used as loads for the displacement-based mechanical FE analysis. In the strain-based approach, the equivalent magnetostrictive forces are not needed and an energy-based model is used to define magnetomechanically coupled constitutive equations of the material. These equations are then space-discretised and solved with the FE method for the magnetic field and the displacements. Findings - It is found that the equivalent forces method can reproduce the displacements and strains of the structure but it results in erroneous stress states. The energy-based method has the ability to reproduce both the stress and strains correctly; thus enabling the analysis of stress-dependent quantities such as the iron losses and the magnetostriction itself. Research limitations/implications - The investigated methods do not account for hysteresis and other dynamic effects. They also require long computation times. With the available computing resources, the computation time does not present any problem as far as they are not used in everyday design procedures but the modelling of dynamic effect needs to be elaborated. Originality/value - The developed and implemented methods are verified with measurements and simulation experiments and applied to as complex structure as an electrical machine. The problems related to the different approaches are investigated and explained through simulations. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.


  • Coupled systems, Electrical equipment, Finite element simulation, Iron, Iron losses, Magnetoelasticity, Stress, Stress analysis

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Field of science, Statistics Finland