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Maximum perturbation step size in MPP-Tracking control for ensuring predicted PV power settling behavior

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Details

Original languageEnglish
Article number3984
Number of pages19
JournalEnergies
Volume12
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Oct 2019
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Abstract

The heuristic perturb-and-observe-based maximum-power-point tracking (MPPT) algorithm of photovoltaic (PV) generator is still the most popular technique in use, despite the broad spectrum of developed other MPPT algorithms. The correct direction of the next perturbation step requires that the previous perturbation is settled down properly and the applied perturbation step size is large enough to overcome the PV-power changes induced by the varying irradiation level and/or the power-grid-originated PV-voltage ripple. The requirements for the minimum perturbation step size are well defined in the available literature. The design equations to predict the PV-power settling time are derived by assuming that the PV-interfacing converter operates in continuous conduction mode (CCM). A large perturbation step size may drive the interfacing converter to enter into discontinuous conduction mode (DCM), which will delay the PV-power settling process and destroy the validity of the predicted settling times. In order to avoid confusing the MPPT process, the maximum perturbation step size has to be limited as well. This paper provides theoretical foundations for the proper design of the maximum step size based on the DC-DC interfacing-converter dynamic behavior. The theoretical findings are validated with experiments as well as by simulations by means of a boost-type DC-DC converter and real PV panel.

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