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Mechanical stress analysis during a quench in CLIQ protected 16 T dipole magnets designed for the future circular collider

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-34
Number of pages8
JournalPhysica C: Superconductivity and its Applications
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2018
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


Protecting the magnets in case of a quench is a challenge for the 16 T superconducting dipole magnets presently designed for the 100 TeV: Future Circular Collider (FCC). These magnets are driven to the foreseen technological limits in terms of critical current, mechanical strength and quench protection. The magnets are protected with CLIQ (Coupling-Loss Induced Quench) system, which is a recently developed quench protection method based on discharging a capacitor bank across part of the winding. The oscillation of the magnet currents and the dissipation of the high stored energy into the windings cause electrodynamic forces and thermal stresses, which may need to be considered in the magnet mechanical design. This paper focuses on mechanical stress analysis during a quench of the 16 T cos-θ and block type dipole magnets. A finite element model allowed studying the stress due to the non-uniform temperature and current distribution in the superconducting coils. Two different CLIQ configurations were considered for the cos-θ design and one for the block type magnet. The analyses of the mechanical behavior of two magnets during a quench without or with hot spot turn were separately carried out. The simulation results show that the stress related to a quench should be considered when designing a high field magnet.


  • Accelerator magnet, CLIQ protection system, Finite element analysis, Lorentz forces, Quench, Thermal stress

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