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Membrane cholesterol access into a G-protein-coupled receptor

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Details

Original languageEnglish
Article number14505
JournalNature Communications
Volume8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Feb 2017
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Abstract

Cholesterol is a key component of cell membranes with a proven modulatory role on the function and ligand-binding properties of G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). Crystal structures of prototypical GPCRs such as the adenosine A2A receptor (A2A R) have confirmed that cholesterol finds stable binding sites at the receptor surface suggesting an allosteric role of this lipid. Here we combine experimental and computational approaches to show that cholesterol can spontaneously enter the A2A R-binding pocket from the membrane milieu using the same portal gate previously suggested for opsin ligands. We confirm the presence of cholesterol inside the receptor by chemical modification of the A2A R interior in a biotinylation assay. Overall, we show that cholesterol's impact on A2A R-binding affinity goes beyond pure allosteric modulation and unveils a new interaction mode between cholesterol and the A2A R that could potentially apply to other GPCRs.

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Field of science, Statistics Finland

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