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Microstructural and abrasion wear characteristics of laser-clad tool steel coatings

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Microstructural and abrasion wear characteristics of laser-clad tool steel coatings. / Tuominen, J.; Näkki, J.; Pajukoski, H.; Hyvärinen, L.; Vuoristo, P.

In: Surface Engineering, Vol. 32, No. 12, 2016, p. 923-933.

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Tuominen, J. ; Näkki, J. ; Pajukoski, H. ; Hyvärinen, L. ; Vuoristo, P. / Microstructural and abrasion wear characteristics of laser-clad tool steel coatings. In: Surface Engineering. 2016 ; Vol. 32, No. 12. pp. 923-933.

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@article{742c27cf9e074e139db6fa969df7a909,
title = "Microstructural and abrasion wear characteristics of laser-clad tool steel coatings",
abstract = "Several different tool steel grades were deposited on mild steel by the laser-cladding process with coaxial powder feeding. With bidirectional scanning pattern, most of the grades were deposited crack-free with hardness up to 1000 HV without additional preheating. In a 3-body abrasion wear study, the laser clad Ralloy{\circledR} WR6 with significant portion of retained austenite exhibited superior abrasive wear resistance compared with the predominantly martensitic tool steel coatings (M2, M4, H13, HS-23, HS-30) and the reference material, Raex{\circledR} Ar500 wear resistant steel. The abrasion wear resistance of austenitic–martensitic WR6 tool steel was further enhanced by the external addition of 20{\%} volume percentage of relatively large (45–106 µm) vanadium carbides. In single point scratch tests, predominantly martensitic tool steels outperformed austenitic–martensitic tool steels and wear resistant steel. The differences in wear performances were explained by different wear mechanisms and types of contact between the abrasive and the surface.",
keywords = "3-Body abrasion wear, Laser cladding, Metal matrix composite, Scratch test, Tool steel, Wear resistant steel",
author = "J. Tuominen and J. N{\"a}kki and H. Pajukoski and L. Hyv{\"a}rinen and P. Vuoristo",
note = "EXT={"}N{\"a}kki, J.{"} INT=mol,{"}Pajukoski, H.{"}",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1080/02670844.2016.1180496",
language = "English",
volume = "32",
pages = "923--933",
journal = "Surface Engineering",
issn = "0267-0844",
publisher = "Taylor & Francis Ltd",
number = "12",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Microstructural and abrasion wear characteristics of laser-clad tool steel coatings

AU - Tuominen, J.

AU - Näkki, J.

AU - Pajukoski, H.

AU - Hyvärinen, L.

AU - Vuoristo, P.

N1 - EXT="Näkki, J." INT=mol,"Pajukoski, H."

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Several different tool steel grades were deposited on mild steel by the laser-cladding process with coaxial powder feeding. With bidirectional scanning pattern, most of the grades were deposited crack-free with hardness up to 1000 HV without additional preheating. In a 3-body abrasion wear study, the laser clad Ralloy® WR6 with significant portion of retained austenite exhibited superior abrasive wear resistance compared with the predominantly martensitic tool steel coatings (M2, M4, H13, HS-23, HS-30) and the reference material, Raex® Ar500 wear resistant steel. The abrasion wear resistance of austenitic–martensitic WR6 tool steel was further enhanced by the external addition of 20% volume percentage of relatively large (45–106 µm) vanadium carbides. In single point scratch tests, predominantly martensitic tool steels outperformed austenitic–martensitic tool steels and wear resistant steel. The differences in wear performances were explained by different wear mechanisms and types of contact between the abrasive and the surface.

AB - Several different tool steel grades were deposited on mild steel by the laser-cladding process with coaxial powder feeding. With bidirectional scanning pattern, most of the grades were deposited crack-free with hardness up to 1000 HV without additional preheating. In a 3-body abrasion wear study, the laser clad Ralloy® WR6 with significant portion of retained austenite exhibited superior abrasive wear resistance compared with the predominantly martensitic tool steel coatings (M2, M4, H13, HS-23, HS-30) and the reference material, Raex® Ar500 wear resistant steel. The abrasion wear resistance of austenitic–martensitic WR6 tool steel was further enhanced by the external addition of 20% volume percentage of relatively large (45–106 µm) vanadium carbides. In single point scratch tests, predominantly martensitic tool steels outperformed austenitic–martensitic tool steels and wear resistant steel. The differences in wear performances were explained by different wear mechanisms and types of contact between the abrasive and the surface.

KW - 3-Body abrasion wear

KW - Laser cladding

KW - Metal matrix composite

KW - Scratch test

KW - Tool steel

KW - Wear resistant steel

U2 - 10.1080/02670844.2016.1180496

DO - 10.1080/02670844.2016.1180496

M3 - Article

VL - 32

SP - 923

EP - 933

JO - Surface Engineering

JF - Surface Engineering

SN - 0267-0844

IS - 12

ER -