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Microstructural and abrasion wear characteristics of tool steel coatings manufactured by laser cladding

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

Details

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSurface Modification Technologies XXVIII
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 28th International Conference on Surface Modification Technologies
EditorsT.S. Sudarshan, P. Vuoristo, H. Koivuluoto
PublisherValardocs
Pages171-182
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)978-81-926196-1-3
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2015
Publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventInternational Conference on Surface Modification Technologies - , Finland
Duration: 1 Jan 2000 → …

Conference

ConferenceInternational Conference on Surface Modification Technologies
CountryFinland
Period1/01/00 → …

Abstract

Tool steels are a class of complex carbon and alloy steels that are widely available as powders over a wide compositional range. In this work, several different tool steel grades were deposited on mild steel by the laser cladding process using a continuous wave 4.4 kW Nd:YAG laser in combination with a coaxial powder feeding technique. With bidirectional scanning pattern, most of the grades were deposited crack-free with hardness up to 1000 HV without additional preheating. A comparative study of 3-body abrasion and single point scratch wear behaviour was conducted on the obtained coatings. In a 3-body abrasion wear study, the laser clad Ralloy WR6 with significant portion of retained austenite exhibited superior abrasive wear resistance compared with the fully martensitic tool steel coatings (M2, M4, H13, HS-23, HS-30) and the reference material, Raex Ar500 wear resistant steel. The abrasion wear resistance of austenitic-martensitic WR6 tool steel was further enhanced by the external addition of 20% volume percentage of relatively large (45-106 µm) vanadium carbides. In single point scratch tests, fully martensitic tool steels outperformed austenitic-martensitic tool steels and Raex Ar500 wear resistant steel. The differences in wear performances were explained by different wear mechanisms and types of contact between the abrasive and the surface. These results show the potential of laser cladding in depositing hard and wear resistant tool steel coatings on easier to fabricate and less expensive base materials or remanufacturing of wear resistant steel grades for enhancing the service life of various components. Examples of such components are, for instance, rock and ground drilling bits in mining and construction and various blades and knives in pulp & paper industries.

Keywords

  • Laser cladding, Abrasion, Tool steel, Wear resistant steel, Remanufacturing, Additive manufacturing

Publication forum classification

Field of science, Statistics Finland