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Modelling fume deposit growth in recovery boilers: effect of flue gas and deposit temperature

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)50-57
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Science and Technology for Forest Products and Processes
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


The high ash content of black liquor causes fouling problems in the Kraft recovery boiler. The ash-forming elements condense into submicron-sized fume particles in the superheater area and the boiler bank and can deposit on heat-transfer surfaces. The fume deposits can then lower heat-transfer rate, plug flue gas flow, and expose surfaces to corrosion. This paper presents the results of a sensitivity analysis obtained using a CFD (computational fluid dynamics)-based sub-model of the formation of fume particles and deposits, showing how flue gas and deposit surface temperatures affect instantaneous fume deposit growth. The results indicate that fume deposit growth is a self-limiting process because the growth rate decreases as the deposit surface temperature increases. On the other hand, increasing the flue gas temperature increases the fume deposition rate when the element release factors are kept constant.