Monoisomeric phthalocyanine-fullerene dyads with e- and cis-3 addition pattern; synthesis, modeling, photovoltage and solar cell experiments
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Scientific › peer-review
|Number of pages||17|
|Journal||Journal of Porphyrins and Phthalocyanines|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 2014|
|Publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|
Synthesis and characterization of two A(2)B(2)-type monoisomeric phthalocyanines and phthalocyanine-fullerene (Pc-C-60) dyads, in which fullerene is regioselectively attached to phthalocyanine with two linkers, are described. H-1 NMR spectroscopy results clearly indicate an e addition pattern of the fullerene moiety in trans-dyad 9, and apparently a cis-3 addition pattern in cis-dyad 10. The possible spatial arrangements of 9 and 10 were further examined by molecular modeling. The dyads have polar (-OH) side chains on the fullerene side of the dyad providing a possibility to produce oriented donor-acceptor (D-A) Langmuir monolayers on aqueous subphase, which can be shifted onto a solid surface. When deposited on a solid electrode material, parallel vertical alignment of the phthalocyanine and fullerene moieties in 100% dyad monolayer was obtained and vertical electron transfer from Pc to C 60 upon photoexcitation was demonstrated. Introduction of the dyads as an oriented interfacial monolayer between the photoactive layer and metal anode improved the power conversion efficiency in inverted organic solar cells.
- phthalocyanine, phthalocyanine-fullerene dyad, photovoltage, molecular modeling, solar cell, Langmuir-Schafer, PHOTOINDUCED ELECTRON-TRANSFER, MOLECULAR-FORCE FIELD, PORPHYRIN-FULLERENE, CHARGE SEPARATION, DENSITY, MMFF94, C-60, BISADDUCTS, ISOMERS, FILMS