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Nanostructured Ionomeric Elastomers

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Details

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDesigning of Elastomer Nanocomposites: From Theory to Applications
EditorsKlaus Werner Stöckelhuber, Amit Das, Manfred Klüppel
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages235-266
Number of pages32
ISBN (Electronic)9783319476964
ISBN (Print)9783319476957
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Aug 2016
Publication typeA3 Part of a book or another research book

Publication series

NameAdvances in Polymer Science
Volume275
ISSN (Print)0065-3195

Abstract

Driven by the desire to find an alternative way of vulcanizing elastomers without sulfur, researchers have widely explored ionic crosslinking techniques. The opportunity was taken to play with the functionality of the host polymer and its modification process to develop nanostructured ionic elastomers. Neutralization of polar elastomers by various divalent metal cations has been the route most employed for fabrication of this class of material. Ionic association or aggregation on the molecular level results in microphase separation of certain regions and, hence, enables easier processing. Thermally labile ionic domains introduced into the network make the entire material thermoresponsive and, therefore, it is possible to obtain reversible transition of dynamic mechanical properties. The unique network structure of these materials has led to outstanding physical properties that have not been achieved so far for conventional sulfidic networks. Consequently, many multifunctional and smart materials have been envisaged and designed using these systems. A detailed overview is provided on the various nanostructured ionic elastomers developed over the years. It would not be exaggerating to mention in the context of the discussion that nanostructured ionic elastomers will definitely open up new horizons in materials research.

Keywords

  • Elastomers, Ionic crosslinking, Self healing rubber

Publication forum classification

Field of science, Statistics Finland