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Nematicons

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Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-208
Number of pages62
JournalPHYSICS REPORTS: REVIEW SECTION OF PHYSICS LETTERS
Volume516
Issue number4-5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2012
Publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal

Abstract

We review the recent developments of spatial optical solitons in nematic liquid crystals, also known as Nematicons. We outline their properties, linked to a reorientational nonlinearity in the presence of significant optical anisotropy and spatial nonlocality. The molecular response is described in conjunction with the pertinent wave-evolution models and their reduction to known equations. Various features and experimental results are reported in to highlight the main concepts and point out potential applications.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

Keywords

  • Liquid crystals, Nonlinear optics, Optical solitons, Self-effects, Spatial solitons