Neuroprotective effect of RO-20-1724-a phosphodiesterase4 inhibitor against intracerebroventricular streptozotocin induced cognitive deficit and oxidative stress in rats
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Scientific › peer-review
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||PHARMACOLOGY BIOCHEMISTRY AND BEHAVIOR|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 2012|
|Publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|
Cyclic nucleotides viz cGMP and cAMP are known to play an important role in learning and memory processes. Enhancement of cyclic nucleotide signalling through inhibition of phosphodiesterases (PDEs) has been reported to be beneficial in several neurodegenerative disorders associated with cognitive decline. The present study was undertaken to investigate the effect of RO-20-1724-a PDE4 inhibitor on streptozotocin (STZ) induced experimental sporadic dementia of Alzheimer's type. The STZ was injected twice intracerebroventrically (3 mg/kg i.c.v.) on alternate days (day 1 and day 3) in rats. The STZ injected rats were treated with RO-20-1724 (125, 250 and 500 μg/kg i.p.) for 21 days following first i.c.v. STZ administration. Learning and memory in rats were assessed by passive avoidance [PA (days 14 and 15)] and Morris water maze [MWM (days 17, 18, 19, 20 and 21)] following first i.c.v. STZ administration. On day 22 rat cerebral homogenate was used for all the biochemical estimations. The pharmacological inhibition of PDE4 by RO-20-1724 significantly attenuated STZ induced cognitive deficit and oxidative stress. RO-20-1724 was found to not only improve learning and memory in MWM and PA paradigms but also restore STZ induced elevation in cholinesterase activity. Further, RO-20-1724 significantly reduced malondialdehyde and nitrite levels, and restored the glutathione levels indicating attenuation of oxidative stress. Current data complement previous studies by providing evidence for a subset of cognition enhancing effects after PDE4 inhibition. The observed beneficial effects of RO-20-1724 in spatial memory may be due to its ability to restore cholinergic functions and possibly through its antioxidant mechanisms.