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Online grid-impedance measurement using ternary-sequence injection

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5097-5103
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industry Applications
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


Grid impedance affects the stability and control performance of grid-connected power-electronics devices, such as inverters used to integrate wind and solar energy. Adaptive control of such inverters, to guarantee stability under different grid conditions, requires online measurement of the grid impedance performed in real time. Wideband frequency response-measurement techniques based on pseudo-random binary sequence (PRBS) or impulse injection have been often applied for grid-impedance measurements. However, while using the PRBS or impulse it is assumed that the system under study is linear. Because such an assumption does not typically hold for grid-connected systems, the measured impedances are usually prone to distortions caused by nonlinearities. This paper proposes the use of periodic ternary sequences for online grid impedance measurements. Using appropriately designed periodic ternary signals, the linear component of the grid impedance can be identified, eliminating errors from even-order nonlinear distortions. Inaddition, the ternary sequences can bedesigned for a much wider range of sequence length compared to conventional PRBS, enabling more efficient optimization of computing power and frequency resolution. Experimental measurements are shown from a grid-connected photovoltaic inverter.

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