Tampere University of Technology

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Optically-pumped semiconductor disk lasers for generating visible and infrared radiation

Research output: Book/ReportDoctoral thesisCollection of Articles


Original languageEnglish
PublisherTampere University of Technology
Number of pages73
ISBN (Electronic)978-952-15-2017-4
ISBN (Print)978-952-15-1941-3
Publication statusPublished - 27 Mar 2008
Publication typeG5 Doctoral dissertation (article)

Publication series

NameTampere University of Technology. Publication
PublisherTampere University of Technology
ISSN (Print)1459-2045


Optically-pumped semiconductor disk lasers are light sources that combine traditional solid state disk laser architecture with gain material made of semiconductor nano-layers. The laser design offers an attractive oppportunity to produce high-power, high-brightness laser radiation at a wavelength that is controlled by semiconductor bandgap engineering. Moreover, the laser can be very compact, yet it can be mode-locked to produce ultrashort optical pulses or efficiently frequency-doubled to produce visible colors. Because of their advantageous characteristics, semiconductor disk lasers are highly interesting for a number of applications including laser projection, optical pumping, optical clocking and substitution of certain gas- and ion-lasers. This thesis concerns the research and development of semiconductor disk lasers emitting at visible and infrared wavelengths. The semiconductor structures used in this work are based on InGaAs/GaAs, GaInNAs/GaAs and GaInSb/GaSb material systems. In particular, it was shown in this thesis that frequency-doubled dilute nitride GaInNAs disk lasers can be used to generate the high-power red emission that is preferred for display applications. Power scaling to the 1-W level and 100 nm wavelength tunability were demonstrated for a gallium antimonide based disk laser operating near 2 µm. The novel concept of an intracavity frequency-mixed dual-wavelength disk laser was proposed and demonstrated in this thesis. The laser, operating at two infrared wavelengths near 1 µm, generated 130mWof aquamarine sum-frequency emission in total, suggesting good spatial and temporal overlap of the two near-infrared beams. Based on this observation it is reasonable to believe that efficient difference-frequency generation producing coherent emission at a mid-infrared wavelength could be possible in a similar laser in the future.

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