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Organic silicon compounds in biogases produced from grass silage, grass and maize in laboratory batch assays

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Details

Translated title of the contributionOrganic silicon compounds in biogases produced from grass silage, grass and maize in laboratory batch assays
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-142
Number of pages6
JournalEnergy
Volume52
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2013
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Abstract

In the present study the occurrence of volatile organic silicon compounds in biogas produced from grass silage, grass and maize in laboratory batch assays was analyzed and methane potentials were determined. Inoculum from a mesophilic farm digester was used, and its effects were subtracted. Methane yields from grass silage, grass and maize were 0.38, 0.42 and 0.34 m3CH4/kg - volatile solids added (VSadd), respectively. Trimethyl silanol, hexamethylcyclotrisiloxane (D3), octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane (D4) and decamethylcyclopentasiloxane (D5) were detected from all the biogases. Higher yields of volatile organic silicon compounds in the grass (from 21.8 to 37.6 μg/kgVSadd) were detected than in grass silage or maize assays (from 14.7 to 20.4 and from 7.4 to 12.1 μg/kgVSadd, respectively). Overall, it is important to consider silicon-containing compounds also in biogases in energy crop digestion as the number of biogas plants using energy crops as feeding material increases and some biogas applications are sensitive to organic silicon compounds. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

Keywords

  • Anaerobic digestion, Biogas, Energy crops, Methane, Siloxanes

Publication forum classification

Field of science, Statistics Finland