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Particle emissions of Euro VI, EEV and retrofitted EEV city buses in real traffic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)708-716
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2019
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


Emission control technologies used in Euro VI buses are effectively reducing soot and NO x emissions in real operation, but small sub-3 nm particles exist in variable concentrations in the exhaust of Euro VI, EEV and retrofitted EEV buses.


  • Diesel exhaust, Emission factor, Particle emissions, Retrofit

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Field of science, Statistics Finland

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