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Performance and Cramer-Rao Bounds for DoA/RSS Estimation and Transmitter Localization Using Sectorized Antennas

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Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3255-3270
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Volume65
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2016
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Abstract

Using collaborative sensors or other observing devices equipped with sectorized antennas provides a practical and low-cost solution to direction of arrival (DoA) and received signal strength (RSS) estimation, as well as non-cooperative transmitter localization. In this paper, we study the performance and theoretical bounds of DoA/RSS estimation and localization using sectorized antennas. We first show that the sector-power measurements at an individual sensor form a sufficient statistic for DoA/RSS estimation and transmitter localization. Motivated by that, we then derive the Cramer-Rao bound (CRB) on DoA/RSS estimation based on sector-powers and study its asymptotic behavior. Moreover, we derive an analytical expression for the mean squared error of a practical sectorized-antenna based DoA estimator, compare its performance to the derived CRB and study its asymptotic properties. Next, we derive the CRB for localization based on sector-powers. The resulting CRB is a lower bound for a localization system where the DoA/RSS estimates, obtained from sector-powers at individual sensors, are fused together into a location estimate. Moreover, the CRB also covers the more general case of a localization system where sector-powers from individual nodes are directly fused together, without an intermediate DoA/RSS estimation step. We compare the obtained CRB to a localization approach employing an intermediate DoA/RSS estimation step, and observe that skipping this intermediate processing step may result in a substantially improved localization performance. Finally, we study the influence of various important system parameters, like the number of sensors, sectors and measurement samples, on the achievable estimation and localization performance. Overall, this paper demonstrates and quantifies the achievable DoA/RSS estimation and localization performance of sectorized antennas, and provides comprehensive design guidelines for sector-power based low-complexity localization syst- ms.

Keywords

  • Antenna measurements, Antenna radiation patterns, Approximation methods, Direction-of-arrival estimation, Estimation, Receiving antennas, Angle-of-arrival, Cramer-Rao bounds, cognitive radio, direction-of-arrival estimation, directional antennas, leaky-wave antennas, localization, received signal strength, reconfigurable antennas, sectorized antennas, single RF front-end

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