Personalized Monitoring and Advance Warning System for Cardiac Arrhythmias
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Scientific › peer-review
|Publication status||Published - 1 Dec 2017|
|Publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|
Each year more than 7 million people die from cardiac arrhythmias. Yet no robust solution exists today to detect such heart anomalies right at the moment they occur. The purpose of this study was to design a personalized health monitoring system that can detect early occurrences of arrhythmias from an individual's electrocardiogram (ECG) signal. We first modelled the common causes of arrhythmias in the signal domain as a degradation of normal ECG beats to abnormal beats. Using the degradation models, we performed abnormal beat synthesis which created potential abnormal beats from the average normal beat of the individual. Finally, a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) was trained using real normal and synthesized abnormal beats. As a personalized classifier, the trained CNN can monitor ECG beats in real time for arrhythmia detection. Over 34 patients' ECG records with a total of 63,341 ECG beats from the MIT-BIH arrhythmia benchmark database, we have shown that the probability of detecting one or more abnormal ECG beats among the first three occurrences is higher than 99.4% with a very low false-alarm rate.