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Polarization Responses of a Solitary and Optically Injected Vertical Cavity Spin Laser

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Original languageEnglish
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE journal of quantum electronics
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2019
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


The polarisation properties of a quantum well spin – vertical cavity surface emitting laser (spin – VCSEL), both without injection and with variable polarisation optical injection, are investigated experimentally and compared with the spin flip model (SFM). Without injection, we demonstrate two distinct types of VCSEL-pump response depending on the signs of the linewidth enhancement factor, birefringence and dichroism: firstly where the pump and VCSEL have the same sign of the ellipticity, and secondly where the VCSEL ellipticity, accompanied by the linear polarisation, switches sign. We show that by controlling the injected power, ellipticity or linear angle, near circular polarisation can be obtained. These responses both give insight into the electro-optical injected spin-VCSEL system, and have practical implications for the use of spin VCSELs in unique applications exploiting the ellipticity degree of freedom.


  • Vertical cavity surface emitting lasers, Optical fibers, Optical polarization, Optical pumping, Mathematical model, Stimulated emission, VCSEL, spin, polarization, injection

Publication forum classification

Field of science, Statistics Finland