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Power generation in fed-batch and continuous up-flow microbial fuel cell from synthetic wastewater

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Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)235-241
Number of pages7
JournalEnergy
Volume91
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2015
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Abstract

Up-flow bioreactors have the advantages of retaining very high cell density and having high mass transfer efficiency. The recirculation rate could improve the up-flow rate in up-flow bioreactor. A two-chamber UFMFC (up-flow microbial fuel cell) is constructed with flat graphite electrodes and anion exchange membrane for electricity generation. The anode chamber is seeded with compost culture enriched on xylose and operated on synthetic wastewater with 0.5 g/L xylose, external resistance of 100 Ω, at pH 7.0 and 37 °C in fed-batch mode. The cathode chamber in the top of the UFMFC is filled with potassium ferricyanide (pH 7.0) as the electron acceptor. The effects of different recirculation rates of 1.2, 2.4, 4.8 and 7.2 RV (reactor-volumes)/h to increase the mass transfer and electricity production are determined in fed-batch mode. At a recirculation rate of 4.8 RV/h, a power density of 356 ± 24 mW/m2 with CE (coulombic efficiency) of 21.3 ± 1.0% is obtained. Decreasing HRT (hydraulic retention time) could improve the electricity production performance of UFMFC in continuous mode. The power generation is increased to 372 ± 20 mW/m2, while CE remains at 13.4 ± 0.5% with HRT of 1.7 d and optimum recirculation rate of 4.8 RV/h on continuous mode. Microbial communities were characterized with PCR (polymerase chain reaction) - DGGE (denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis). In the end of the experiment, the biofilm contained both fermenting and exoelectrogenic bacteria, while fermenting and nitrate-reducing bacteria were mainly present in the anodic solutions. Moreover, some changes occurred in the microbial communities of the anodic solutions when the MFCs were switched from fed-batch to continuous mode, while the differences were minor between different recirculation rates in fed-batch mode.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

Keywords

  • Continuous mode, Microbial fuel cell, Recirculation rate, Two chamber, Up-flow, Xylose

Publication forum classification

Field of science, Statistics Finland