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Preparation of zinc oxide free, transparent rubber nanocomposites using a layered double hydroxide filler

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7194-7200
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 28 May 2011
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


A layered double hydroxide (LDH) mineral filler particle has been designed and employed in rubber vulcanization to prepare a more environmentally friendly rubber composite. The LDH delivers zinc ions in the vulcanization process as accelerators, stearate anions as activators and simultaneously the mineral sheets act as a nanofiller to reinforce the rubber matrix whilst totally replacing the separate zinc oxide (ZnO) and stearic acid conventionally used in the formulation of rubber. This method leads to a significant reduction (nearly 10 times) of the zinc level and yields excellent transparent properties in the final rubber product. The morphological characterization, rheometric curing behaviour, mechanical properties and uniaxial multi-hysteresis behaviours of the resultant rubber/LDH nanocomposite are studied in this paper.

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