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Processing and Wear Testing of Novel High-Hardness Wear-Resistant Steel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionProfessional


Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe 17th Nordic Symposium on Tribology - NORDTRIB 2016 14th - 17th June 2016 Aulanko, Hämeenlinna, Finland
Number of pages15
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2016
Publication typeD3 Professional conference proceedings
Duration: 1 Jan 1900 → …


Period1/01/00 → …


Novel high-hardness medium carbon martensitic laboratory steel has been produced and tested for wear resistance. Different finish rolling temperatures (FRT) and quenching finish temperatures (QFT) were utilized. Composition was selected based on earlier experiments and carbon content was set to 0.35 % to obtain surface hardness of approximately 600 HB. FRT was varied to investigate the effect of prior austenite deformation on the mechanical properties. Direct quenching was implemented in the laboratory rolling trials. Plates were either quenched to room temperature or quenching was finished at 250 °C. The interrupted quenching was tested in order to improve the toughness of the steel via autotempering and possible austenite retention without drastic loss of hardness. The steel samples were tested for hardness and impact toughness. Material characterization included SEM and optical microscopy for microstructural inspection. Direct quenched steel samples exceeded the desired 600 HB surface hardness, but interrupted quenching to 250 °C resulted in lower hardness values. In contrast, the impact toughness was improved with latter quenching method. Impact-abrasion wear testing was conducted for the experimental steels to understand the effect of rolling and quenching parameters on wear resistance. Impeller-tumbler tests were carried out at Tampere Wear Center using natural granite as the abrasive. The results indicate that surface hardness is the main controlling factor of wear, and samples with the highest surface hardness showed the lowest mass loss.

ASJC Scopus subject areas


  • Wear, Steel, Impact wear, Abrasive wear, Hardness, Microstructure

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