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Protective Spinel Coatings for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Interconnectors by Thermal Spray Processes: From Conventional Dry Powder to Novel Solution Precursor Thermal Spraying

Research output: Book/ReportDoctoral thesisCollection of Articles

Details

Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationTampere
PublisherTampere University of Technology
Number of pages81
ISBN (Electronic)978-952-15-3587-1
ISBN (Print)978-952-15-3569-7
Publication statusPublished - 18 Sep 2015
Publication typeG5 Doctoral dissertation (article)

Publication series

NameTampere University of Technology. Publication
PublisherTampere University of Technology
Volume1322
ISSN (Print)1459-2045

Abstract

Protective coatings are used on ferritic stainless steel interconnectors to prevent the transport of the harmful CrO3(g) and CrO2(OH)2(g) compounds in solid oxide fuel cells. These compounds are transported on the triple-phase boundary of the cathode, and electrically reduce back to Cr2O3 causing degradation of the cell. The most promising materials to be used as protective coatings are (Mn,Co)3O4 spinels. However, in order to provide good protectiveness in long-term use (5 years or more), these coatings should have a dense microstructure, good adhesion with the substrate and good chemical stability at high temperature in an oxidizing atmosphere. Several deposition techniques have been studied, for example various wet-ceramic processes and thin film techniques. However, the studies have shown that the coatings produced with these methods are not dense, and therefore their long-term protectiveness is questionable.

In this study, protective (Mn,Co)3O4 and (Mn,Co,Fe)3O4 spinel coatings were manufactured with conventional atmospheric plasma spraying (APS) and novel high velocity solution precursor flame spraying (HVSPFS). The aim was to obtain a dense microstructure. Since the HVSPFS process is a novel deposition method, the coating build-up mechanism and materials synthesis were studied more closely. The as-sprayed coatings were oxidized in order to obtain more detailed information about the Cr barrier and electrical properties during the oxidation cycles.

The spinel coatings with a dense microstructure were sprayed using the APS and the HVSPFS processes. The deposition methods caused the as-sprayed coatings to sinter during the oxidation cycles. The sintering was a consequence of the metastable phase structure and the small particle and crystallite size. Due to the dense microstructure and fully recovered spinel phases, the coatings provided a good Cr barrier and electrical properties, even in a relatively harsh environment. It can be stated that Mn1.5Co1.5O4 and MnCo1.9Fe0.1O4 spinel coatings, manufactured either by conventional thermal spraying using agglomerated cermet powder, or by solution precursor thermal spraying, are good candidates for use as protective coatings on metallic interconnectors.

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Field of science, Statistics Finland

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