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Quantum cryptography with twisted photons through an outdoor underwater channel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22563-22573
Number of pages11
JournalOptics Express
Volume26
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Aug 2018
Externally publishedYes
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Abstract

Quantum communication has been successfully implemented in optical fibres and through free-space. Fibre systems, though capable of fast key and low error rates, are impractical in communicating with destinations without an established fibre link. Free-space quantum channels can overcome such limitations and reach long distances with the advent of satellite-toground links. However, turbulence, resulting from local fluctuations in refractive index, becomes a major challenge by adding errors and losses. Recently, an interest in investigating the possibility of underwater quantum channels has arisen. Here, we investigate the effect of turbulence on an underwater quantum channel using twisted photons in outdoor conditions. We study the effect of turbulence on transmitted error rates, and compare different quantum cryptographic protocols in an underwater quantum channel, showing the feasibility of high-dimensional encoding schemes. Our work may open the way for secure high-dimensional quantum communication between submersibles, and provides important input for potential submersibles-to-satellite quantum communication. (C) 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Keywords

  • KEY DISTRIBUTION, TELEPORTATION, SPECTRUM, WATER, FIBER