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Rakennusvalvonta digitaalisen muutoksen pyörteessä

Research output: Book/ReportDoctoral thesisMonograph

Details

Original languageFinnish
PublisherTampereen teknillinen yliopisto
Number of pages209
ISBN (Electronic)978-952-15-4219-0
ISBN (Print)978-952-15-4218-3
Publication statusPublished - 19 Oct 2018
Publication typeG4 Doctoral dissertation (monograph)

Publication series

NameTampereen teknillinen yliopisto. Julkaisu
Volume1583
ISSN (Print)1459-2045

Abstract

This research is a study of building information modelling (BIM) and construction control. This normative research focuses on the possibilities of developing the e-business model of Finnish building supervision related to residential construction in the digital vortex. The digital vortex will bring changes to organisation's activities by increasing the use of information technology. The research focuses on at least a three-dimensional visual image and a building information model including feature data (BIM). The research clarified how BIM supports the future e-business in building supervisions regarding residential construction and its control. According to the hypothesis of the research, the tasks of building supervision can be enhanced in the digital vortex.

The methodological approach to the research is mixed-methodological. The research consists of literature research, theme interviewing, questionnaire research with case and process modelling of building supervision. Literature research focused on England, Singapore, Norway, Denmark, Sweden and Finland. The thematic interviewers and those who participated in the survey were Finnish building supervision experts from different levels. The strength of the research questionnaire survey is the location of the respondents on the map of Finland as a whole.

Based on the literature study, building supervision and other building authority activities in Europe are seeking for efficiency in processes through legislation, technology (BIM) and outsourcing. However, formal approval is still required for construction supervision particular in the deployment of buildings. The use of these for the development of e-model of building supervision has practically been virtually non-existent and international research has been very limited and focused only on some specific issues. The scientific contribution of research is the e-business model of building supervision, which includes this development from the perspectives of concepts, operating model and resources. The results are based on estimates made by the experts of the Finnish building inspectorate. Thus multidimensional research on building control in the digital vortex has not been done before.

The gained key conclusions propose that along with the digital vortex there are the needs of change management and strong public authorities' support accompanied by the common operating models. In the case of building supervision, the tasks of the building authority could be divided into two different operating units: building permits and building quality control. The building authority should name the change agents responsible for BIM in Building supervision. “COBIM Part 14 Utilising BIM in Building Supervision”, content should be refined. Construction law should include a compulsory BIM as an IFC standard as part of building construction. Copyright law, on the other hand, proposes to include a model of license models for BIM. These key conclusions should focus and develop them in a qualitative way to increase the efficiency of building supervision and to enable qualitative equality in Finland.

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