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Real-time characterization of spectral instabilities in a mode-locked fibre laser exhibiting soliton-similariton dynamics

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Original languageEnglish
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 27 Sep 2019
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


The study of dissipative solitons in mode-locked lasers reveals a rich landscape of interaction dynamics resulting from the interplay of nonlinearity, dispersion and dissipation. Here, we characterize a range of instabilities in a dissipative soliton fibre laser in a regime where both conventional soliton and similariton propagation play significant roles in the intracavity pulse shaping. Specifically, we use the Dispersive Fourier Transform technique to perform real-time spectral measurements of buildup dynamics from noise to the generation of stable single pulses, phase evolution dynamics of bound state "similariton molecules", and several examples of intermittent instability and explosion dynamics. These results show that the instabilities previously seen in other classes of passively mode-locked fibre lasers are also observed in the presence of strong nonlinear attraction of similariton evolution in an optical fibre amplifier.

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Field of science, Statistics Finland

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