Tampere University of Technology

TUTCRIS Research Portal

Real-time Measurement of Cell Permeabilization With Low-molecular-weight Membranolytic Agents

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)303-315
Number of pages13
JournalJOURNAL OF ANTIMICROBIAL CHEMOTHERAPY
Volume36
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1995
Externally publishedYes
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Abstract

A new method for studying the action of membranolytic agents by simple measurement of light emitted from cells is described. It is based on the expression of the click beetle (Pyrophorus plagiophthalamus) luciferase gene (lucGR) in Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis and Spodoptera frugiperda cells in order to make them bioluminescent. The diffusion of the substrate for luciferase enzyme through the cell membranes is very slow at physiological pH, and therefore a change in membrane permeability is seen as a change of in-vivo luminescence of cells. The cells used in this study represent different membrane structures, and thus allow a comparison of the reactions of the different membranes towards membranolytic agents in a real-time measurement. The dose-response data correlated well with target cell viable count. In addition, the time course of light emission as a consequence of permeabilizing compound is dose-dependent. The action of the compounds on prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells was found to be highly dependent on the permeabilizer used.

Keywords

  • FIREFLY LUCIFERASE GENE, ESCHERICHIA-COLI, GRAMICIDIN-S, POLYMYXIN-B, BEETLE LUCIFERASES, BACILLUS-SUBTILIS, MAMMALIAN-CELLS, EXPRESSION, MELITTIN, AGGREGATION