Resilient urban water services: Toward the Green Economy
Research output: Other conference contribution › Paper, poster or abstract › Scientific
|Number of pages||1|
|Publication status||Published - 2016|
|Event||Poverty's Causes and Consequences in the Urban Developing World - Agora Center, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland|
Duration: 4 Aug 2016 → 6 Aug 2016
|Conference||Poverty's Causes and Consequences in the Urban Developing World|
|Period||4/08/16 → 6/08/16|
Although worldwide the proportion of people with access to water and sanitation gradually increases, in 2008 there were more urban dwellers without access to improved water sources (114 million more) and basic sanitation (134 million more) than in the year 2000. Moreover, water storage, treatment and distribution systems are often poorly maintained. In many developing countries, water losses due to technical leakage and water theft, often exceed 40-60 percent of the total water distribution.
Yet, access to water and sanitation services is a fundamental precondition for poverty reduction and economic progress. Provision of adequate infrastructure and basic services to the poorest urban populations in developing countries will be an essential step to protect these communities and to build resilience to external stressors. Benefit-to-cost ratios have been reported to be as high as 7 to 1 for basic water and sanitation services. Water is also fundamental to the green economy because it is interwoven with so many sustainable development issues, such as health, food security, and poverty.
Therefore, the specific enabling governance and institutional conditions are needed to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal 6 “Ensure access to water and sanitation for all” by 2030 to eradicate the urban poverty in the developing world.