Tampere University of Technology

TUTCRIS Research Portal

Responder analysis of the effects of denosumab on bone mineral density in men receiving androgen deprivation therapy for prostate cancer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)308-312
Number of pages5
JournalPROSTATE CANCER AND PROSTATIC DISEASES
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2012
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Abstract

Background: Denosumab, a fully human monoclonal antibody against RANK ligand, increased bone mineral density (BMD) and reduced fracture risk vs placebo in a phase 3 trial in men with prostate cancer on androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). The present analysis of this study evaluated BMD changes after 36 months in responder subgroups and in individual patients for three key skeletal sites (lumbar spine (LS), femoral neck (FN) and total hip (TH)) and the distal radius. Methods: Men with nonmetastatic prostate cancer receiving ADT were treated with subcutaneous denosumab 60 mg (n=734) or placebo (n=734) every 6 months for up to 36 months in a phase 3, randomized, double-blind study. Patients were instructed to take supplemental calcium and vitamin D. For this BMD responder analysis, the primary outcome measure was the percentage change in BMD from baseline to month 36 at the LS, FN and TH as measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. BMD at the distal 1/3 radius at 36 months was measured in a substudy of 309 patients. Results: At 36 months, significantly more patients in the denosumab arm had increases of >3% BMD from baseline at each site studied compared with placebo (LS, 78 vs 17%; FN, 48 vs 13%; TH, 48 vs 6%; distal 1/3 radius, 40 vs 7% (P

ASJC Scopus subject areas

Keywords

  • androgen deprivation, antiresorptive therapy, bone loss, bone mineral density, responder analysis