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Review of motor vehicle particulate emissions sampling and measurement: From smoke and filter mass to particle number

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Review of motor vehicle particulate emissions sampling and measurement : From smoke and filter mass to particle number. / Giechaskiel, Barouch; Maricq, Matti; Ntziachristos, Leonidas; Dardiotis, Christos; Wang, Xiaoliang; Axmann, Harald; Bergmann, Alexander; Schindler, Wolfgang.

In: Journal of Aerosol Science, Vol. 67, 01.2014, p. 48-86.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleScientificpeer-review

Harvard

Giechaskiel, B, Maricq, M, Ntziachristos, L, Dardiotis, C, Wang, X, Axmann, H, Bergmann, A & Schindler, W 2014, 'Review of motor vehicle particulate emissions sampling and measurement: From smoke and filter mass to particle number', Journal of Aerosol Science, vol. 67, pp. 48-86. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaerosci.2013.09.003

APA

Giechaskiel, B., Maricq, M., Ntziachristos, L., Dardiotis, C., Wang, X., Axmann, H., ... Schindler, W. (2014). Review of motor vehicle particulate emissions sampling and measurement: From smoke and filter mass to particle number. Journal of Aerosol Science, 67, 48-86. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaerosci.2013.09.003

Vancouver

Giechaskiel B, Maricq M, Ntziachristos L, Dardiotis C, Wang X, Axmann H et al. Review of motor vehicle particulate emissions sampling and measurement: From smoke and filter mass to particle number. Journal of Aerosol Science. 2014 Jan;67:48-86. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaerosci.2013.09.003

Author

Giechaskiel, Barouch ; Maricq, Matti ; Ntziachristos, Leonidas ; Dardiotis, Christos ; Wang, Xiaoliang ; Axmann, Harald ; Bergmann, Alexander ; Schindler, Wolfgang. / Review of motor vehicle particulate emissions sampling and measurement : From smoke and filter mass to particle number. In: Journal of Aerosol Science. 2014 ; Vol. 67. pp. 48-86.

Bibtex - Download

@article{3f3d0429ecea4861add66ef13d9f67da,
title = "Review of motor vehicle particulate emissions sampling and measurement: From smoke and filter mass to particle number",
abstract = "Particulate emissions from motor vehicles have received increased attention over the past two decades owing to associations observed between ambient particulate matter (PM) levels and health effects. This has led to numerous changes in emissions regulations worldwide, including more stringent standards, the broadening of these to include non-road engines, and the adoption of new metrics. These changes have created a demand for new instruments that are capable of real time measurement, enhanced sensitivity, and on-board vehicle operation. In response, researchers and instrument manufacturers have developed an array of new and improved instruments and sampling methods. It is generally recognized that the exhaust aerosol concentration measured depends on both the sampling technique and the instrument used. Hence, many of the new instruments are complementary and offer merits in measuring a variety of particulate emissions attributes. However, selecting the best instrument for each application is not a straightforward task; it requires on one hand a clear measurement objective and, on the other, an understanding of the characteristics of the instrument employed.This paper reviews how vehicle exhaust particulate emission measurements have evolved over the years. The focus is on current and newly evolving instrumentation, including gravimetric filter measurement, chemical analysis of filters, light extinction, scattering and absorption instruments, and instruments based on the electrical detection of exhaust aerosols. Correlations between the various instruments are examined in the context of steadily more stringent exhaust emissions standards. The review concludes with a discussion of future instrument and sampling requirements for the changing nature of exhaust aerosols from current and future vehicles.",
keywords = "Aerosol instrumentation, Aerosol sampling, Emission regulations, Exhaust aerosol",
author = "Barouch Giechaskiel and Matti Maricq and Leonidas Ntziachristos and Christos Dardiotis and Xiaoliang Wang and Harald Axmann and Alexander Bergmann and Wolfgang Schindler",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jaerosci.2013.09.003",
language = "English",
volume = "67",
pages = "48--86",
journal = "Journal of Aerosol Science",
issn = "0021-8502",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Review of motor vehicle particulate emissions sampling and measurement

T2 - From smoke and filter mass to particle number

AU - Giechaskiel, Barouch

AU - Maricq, Matti

AU - Ntziachristos, Leonidas

AU - Dardiotis, Christos

AU - Wang, Xiaoliang

AU - Axmann, Harald

AU - Bergmann, Alexander

AU - Schindler, Wolfgang

PY - 2014/1

Y1 - 2014/1

N2 - Particulate emissions from motor vehicles have received increased attention over the past two decades owing to associations observed between ambient particulate matter (PM) levels and health effects. This has led to numerous changes in emissions regulations worldwide, including more stringent standards, the broadening of these to include non-road engines, and the adoption of new metrics. These changes have created a demand for new instruments that are capable of real time measurement, enhanced sensitivity, and on-board vehicle operation. In response, researchers and instrument manufacturers have developed an array of new and improved instruments and sampling methods. It is generally recognized that the exhaust aerosol concentration measured depends on both the sampling technique and the instrument used. Hence, many of the new instruments are complementary and offer merits in measuring a variety of particulate emissions attributes. However, selecting the best instrument for each application is not a straightforward task; it requires on one hand a clear measurement objective and, on the other, an understanding of the characteristics of the instrument employed.This paper reviews how vehicle exhaust particulate emission measurements have evolved over the years. The focus is on current and newly evolving instrumentation, including gravimetric filter measurement, chemical analysis of filters, light extinction, scattering and absorption instruments, and instruments based on the electrical detection of exhaust aerosols. Correlations between the various instruments are examined in the context of steadily more stringent exhaust emissions standards. The review concludes with a discussion of future instrument and sampling requirements for the changing nature of exhaust aerosols from current and future vehicles.

AB - Particulate emissions from motor vehicles have received increased attention over the past two decades owing to associations observed between ambient particulate matter (PM) levels and health effects. This has led to numerous changes in emissions regulations worldwide, including more stringent standards, the broadening of these to include non-road engines, and the adoption of new metrics. These changes have created a demand for new instruments that are capable of real time measurement, enhanced sensitivity, and on-board vehicle operation. In response, researchers and instrument manufacturers have developed an array of new and improved instruments and sampling methods. It is generally recognized that the exhaust aerosol concentration measured depends on both the sampling technique and the instrument used. Hence, many of the new instruments are complementary and offer merits in measuring a variety of particulate emissions attributes. However, selecting the best instrument for each application is not a straightforward task; it requires on one hand a clear measurement objective and, on the other, an understanding of the characteristics of the instrument employed.This paper reviews how vehicle exhaust particulate emission measurements have evolved over the years. The focus is on current and newly evolving instrumentation, including gravimetric filter measurement, chemical analysis of filters, light extinction, scattering and absorption instruments, and instruments based on the electrical detection of exhaust aerosols. Correlations between the various instruments are examined in the context of steadily more stringent exhaust emissions standards. The review concludes with a discussion of future instrument and sampling requirements for the changing nature of exhaust aerosols from current and future vehicles.

KW - Aerosol instrumentation

KW - Aerosol sampling

KW - Emission regulations

KW - Exhaust aerosol

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84886264597&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jaerosci.2013.09.003

DO - 10.1016/j.jaerosci.2013.09.003

M3 - Review Article

VL - 67

SP - 48

EP - 86

JO - Journal of Aerosol Science

JF - Journal of Aerosol Science

SN - 0021-8502

ER -