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Rubber composites based on graphene nanoplatelets, expanded graphite, carbon nanotubes and their combination: A comparative study

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1961-1967
Number of pages7
JournalComposites Science and Technology
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 16 Nov 2012
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


Solution styrene butadiene rubber (S-SBR) composites reinforced with graphene nanoplatelets (GnPs), expanded graphite (EG), and multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were prepared and the electrical and various mechanical properties were compared to understand the specific dispersion and reinforcement behaviours of these nanostructured fillers. The electrical resistivity of the rubber composite gradually decreased with the increase of filler amount in the composite. The electrical percolation behaviour was found to be started at 15. phr (parts per hundred rubber) for GnP and 20. phr for EG filled systems, whereas a sharp drop was found at 5. phr for MWCNT based composites. At a particular filler loading, dynamic mechanical analysis and tensile test showed a significant improvement of the mechanical properties of the composites comprised of MWCNT followed by GnP and then EG. The high aspect ratio of MWCNT enabled to form a network at low filler loading and, consequently, a good reinforcement effect was observed. To investigate the effect of hybrid fillers, MWCNT (up to 5. phr) were added in a selected composition of EG based compounds. The formation of a mixed filler network showed a synergistic effect on the improvement of electrical as well as various mechanical properties.


  • A. Hybrid composites, A. Particle-reinforced composites, B. Mechanical properties, B. Synergism, D. Dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA)