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Seasonal weight variation patterns in seven countries located in northern and southern hemispheres

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review


Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2016 38th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-4577-0220-4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2016
Publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventAnnual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society -
Duration: 1 Jan 1900 → …

Publication series

ISSN (Print)1557-170X


ConferenceAnnual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Period1/01/00 → …


The digital revolution of information and technology in late 20th century has led to emergence of devices that help people monitor their weight in a long-term manner. Investigation of population-level variations of body mass using smart connected weight scales enabled the health coaches acquire deeper insights about the models of people's behavior as a function of time. Typically, body mass varies when the seasons change. That is, during the warmer seasons people's body mass tend to decrease while in colder seasons it usually moves up. In this paper we study the seasonal variations of body mass in seven countries by utilization of linear regression. Deviation of monthly weight values from the starting point of astronomical years (beginning of spring) were modeled by fitting orthogonal polynomials in each country. The distinction of weight variations in southern and northern hemispheres were then investigated. The studied population involves 6429 anonymous weight scale users from:(1) Australia, (2) Brazil, (3) France, (4) Germany, (5) Great Britain, (6) Japan, and (7) United States of America. The results suggest that there are statistically significant differences between the models of weight variation in southern and northern hemispheres. In both northern and southern hemispheres the lowest weight values were observed in the summer. However, the highest weight values were noticed in the winter and in the spring for northern and southern hemispheres, respectively.


  • health care, weighing, Australia, Brazil, France, Germany, Great Britain, Japan, United States of America, anonymous weight scale, cold season, digital information revolution, linear regression, northern hemisphere, orthogonal polynomial, people behavior, seasonal body mass variation, seasonal weight variation pattern, southern hemisphere, spring season, summer season, weight monitoring, weight scales, winter season, Linear regression, Sociology, Springs, Time series analysis, Weight measurement

Publication forum classification

Field of science, Statistics Finland