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Silanointiparametrien vaikutus sähkökemiallisesti passivoidun austeniittisen teräksen pinnalle rakentuvan biofunktionaalisen seossilaaniohutkalvon koostumukseen

Research output: Book/ReportMaster's ThesisScientific


Original languageFinnish
PublisherUnknown Publisher
Number of pages105
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Publication typeG2 Master's thesis, polytechnic Master's thesis


This thesis examines the chemical composition of a mixed silane thin film synthesized on electrochemically passivated AISI 316L -stainless steel. Silane thin films can be used to enhance the biocompatibility of stainless steel and to create surface functionalities that promote adsorption of biomolecules. Such hybrid materials made of steel and organic coatings can be utilized in e.g. medical implants and tissue engineering.

The goal of this work was to develop deposition equipment needed for the synthesis of silane thin films in order to improve the rate and reproducibility of the sample preparation. The equipment was used to investigate the effect of silanization parameters such as the composition of the silane solution, the hydrolysis time and the silanization time on the structure of the self-assembled thin film. The silane molecules used in this study were amine terminated (3-aminopropyl)trimethoxysilane (APS) and thiol terminated (3-mercaptopropyl)trimethoxysilane (MPS).

The silanization process was conducted as a liquid phase deposition in atmospheric pressure, which enables the method to be easily adapted to commercial applications. On the other hand, the measurements were performed in ultra-high vacuum utilizing both synchrotron radiation induced and conventional X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The acquired spectra enabled conclusions to be made on the chemical composition and thickness of the silane films. They also provided information on the ratio and orientation of the functional groups.

According to the results, the employed silanization process enables the reproducible manufacturing of approximately one monolayer thick silane films. In addition, the amount of surface functionalities can be adjusted by modifying either the silane concentration in the hydrolysis solution or the silanization time. However, changing the hydrolysis time only affects the chemical bonding between the silane molecules and steel surface, not the total amount of functional groups. Based on the measurements with varying surface sensitivities, it was possible to conclude that the majority of functional groups point outwards. This is an important result considering the adsorption of biomolecules on the surface.

This study found that the hydrolysis rate of different silane species shows considerable variation despite the similar basic structure of the molecules. In the future, the hydrolysis behaviour should be investigated more carefully in the liquid phase. This might help to understand the hydrolysis reactions and also enhance the repeatability of the sample preparation.

ASJC Scopus subject areas


  • Silane, Stainless steel, 316, XPS, PES, Synchrotron, APS, MPS

Field of science, Statistics Finland