Tampere University of Technology

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Simple gaze gestures and the closure of the eyes as an interaction technique

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review


Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings - ETRA 2012: Eye Tracking Research and Applications Symposium
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
Event7th Eye Tracking Research and Applications Symposium, ETRA 2012 - Santa Barbara, CA, United States
Duration: 28 Mar 201230 Mar 2012


Conference7th Eye Tracking Research and Applications Symposium, ETRA 2012
CountryUnited States
CitySanta Barbara, CA


We created a set of gaze gestures that utilize the following three elements: simple one-segment gestures, off-screen space, and the closure of the eyes. These gestures are to be used as the moving tool in a gaze-only controlled drawing application. We tested our gaze gestures with 24 participants and analyzed the gesture durations, the accuracy of the stops, and the gesture performance. We found that the difference in gesture durations between short and long gestures was so small that there is no need to choose between them. The stops made by closing both eyes were accurate, and the input method worked well for this purpose. With some adjustments and with the possibility for personal settings, the gesture performance and the accuracy of the stops can become even better.


  • closure of both eyes, eye tracking, gaze control, gaze gestures, gaze-based interaction, off-screen space