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Simultaneous nutrient removal and lipid production with Chlorella vulgaris on sterilized and non-sterilized anaerobically pretreated piggery wastewater

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Simultaneous nutrient removal and lipid production with Chlorella vulgaris on sterilized and non-sterilized anaerobically pretreated piggery wastewater. / Marjakangas, Jatta M.; Chen, Chun Yen; Lakaniemi, Aino Maija; Puhakka, Jaakko A.; Whang, Liang Ming; Chang, Jo Shu.

In: Biochemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 103, 05.11.2015, p. 177-184.

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Marjakangas, Jatta M. ; Chen, Chun Yen ; Lakaniemi, Aino Maija ; Puhakka, Jaakko A. ; Whang, Liang Ming ; Chang, Jo Shu. / Simultaneous nutrient removal and lipid production with Chlorella vulgaris on sterilized and non-sterilized anaerobically pretreated piggery wastewater. In: Biochemical Engineering Journal. 2015 ; Vol. 103. pp. 177-184.

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@article{937976fafe494f27ae573789774e75e6,
title = "Simultaneous nutrient removal and lipid production with Chlorella vulgaris on sterilized and non-sterilized anaerobically pretreated piggery wastewater",
abstract = "Piggery wastewater is a potent nutrient source for microalgal lipid production. Wastewater has been usually sterilized when used for microalgal cultivation. This is uneconomical in large-scale applications. Therefore, lipid productivity of Chlorella vulgaris CY5 using sterilized and non-sterilized diluted anaerobically pretreated piggery wastewater was studied in batch reactors. The maximum average lipid productivity was obtained after 12 days of incubation and it was higher with the sterilized wastewater than with the non-sterilized one (117g/L/d vs. 91.3g/L/d), due to the higher biomass concentration. Because of the unexpected increase of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) in the cultures, second experiment was conducted to characterize the composition of produced DOC in non-sterilized wastewater. Carbohydrate content increased in the liquid phase but decreased in the biomass after nitrogen had been exhausted. After 12 days of incubation, soluble chemical oxygen demand (CODs) was 414±56mg/L, biomass production was 2.8±0.15g/L, and lipid content was 30.3±1.2wt{\%}. Average lipid productivity from day zero to day 12 was 70.5±1.1g/L/d. C. vulgaris removed nutrients from the non-sterilized wastewater and produced oleaginous biomass, although the lipid productivity was higher with sterilized wastewater.",
keywords = "Aerobic process, Lipid production, Microalgae, Piggery wastewater, Sterilization, Wastewater treatment",
author = "Marjakangas, {Jatta M.} and Chen, {Chun Yen} and Lakaniemi, {Aino Maija} and Puhakka, {Jaakko A.} and Whang, {Liang Ming} and Chang, {Jo Shu}",
year = "2015",
month = "11",
day = "5",
doi = "10.1016/j.bej.2015.07.011",
language = "English",
volume = "103",
pages = "177--184",
journal = "Biochemical Engineering Journal",
issn = "1369-703X",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Simultaneous nutrient removal and lipid production with Chlorella vulgaris on sterilized and non-sterilized anaerobically pretreated piggery wastewater

AU - Marjakangas, Jatta M.

AU - Chen, Chun Yen

AU - Lakaniemi, Aino Maija

AU - Puhakka, Jaakko A.

AU - Whang, Liang Ming

AU - Chang, Jo Shu

PY - 2015/11/5

Y1 - 2015/11/5

N2 - Piggery wastewater is a potent nutrient source for microalgal lipid production. Wastewater has been usually sterilized when used for microalgal cultivation. This is uneconomical in large-scale applications. Therefore, lipid productivity of Chlorella vulgaris CY5 using sterilized and non-sterilized diluted anaerobically pretreated piggery wastewater was studied in batch reactors. The maximum average lipid productivity was obtained after 12 days of incubation and it was higher with the sterilized wastewater than with the non-sterilized one (117g/L/d vs. 91.3g/L/d), due to the higher biomass concentration. Because of the unexpected increase of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) in the cultures, second experiment was conducted to characterize the composition of produced DOC in non-sterilized wastewater. Carbohydrate content increased in the liquid phase but decreased in the biomass after nitrogen had been exhausted. After 12 days of incubation, soluble chemical oxygen demand (CODs) was 414±56mg/L, biomass production was 2.8±0.15g/L, and lipid content was 30.3±1.2wt%. Average lipid productivity from day zero to day 12 was 70.5±1.1g/L/d. C. vulgaris removed nutrients from the non-sterilized wastewater and produced oleaginous biomass, although the lipid productivity was higher with sterilized wastewater.

AB - Piggery wastewater is a potent nutrient source for microalgal lipid production. Wastewater has been usually sterilized when used for microalgal cultivation. This is uneconomical in large-scale applications. Therefore, lipid productivity of Chlorella vulgaris CY5 using sterilized and non-sterilized diluted anaerobically pretreated piggery wastewater was studied in batch reactors. The maximum average lipid productivity was obtained after 12 days of incubation and it was higher with the sterilized wastewater than with the non-sterilized one (117g/L/d vs. 91.3g/L/d), due to the higher biomass concentration. Because of the unexpected increase of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) in the cultures, second experiment was conducted to characterize the composition of produced DOC in non-sterilized wastewater. Carbohydrate content increased in the liquid phase but decreased in the biomass after nitrogen had been exhausted. After 12 days of incubation, soluble chemical oxygen demand (CODs) was 414±56mg/L, biomass production was 2.8±0.15g/L, and lipid content was 30.3±1.2wt%. Average lipid productivity from day zero to day 12 was 70.5±1.1g/L/d. C. vulgaris removed nutrients from the non-sterilized wastewater and produced oleaginous biomass, although the lipid productivity was higher with sterilized wastewater.

KW - Aerobic process

KW - Lipid production

KW - Microalgae

KW - Piggery wastewater

KW - Sterilization

KW - Wastewater treatment

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84939202209&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.bej.2015.07.011

DO - 10.1016/j.bej.2015.07.011

M3 - Article

VL - 103

SP - 177

EP - 184

JO - Biochemical Engineering Journal

JF - Biochemical Engineering Journal

SN - 1369-703X

ER -