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Single exposure lensless subpixel phase imaging: Optical system design, modelling, and experimental study

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4625-4637
Number of pages13
JournalOptics Express
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 17 Feb 2020
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


Design and optimization of lensless phase-retrieval optical system with phase modulation of free-space propagation wavefront is proposed for subpixel imaging to achieve super-resolution reconstruction. Contrary to the traditional super-resolution phase-retrieval, the method in this paper requires a single observation only and uses the advanced Super-Resolution Sparse Phase Amplitude Retrieval (SR-SPAR) iterative technique which contains optimized sparsity based filters and multi-scale filters. The successful object imaging relies on modulation of the object wavefront with a random phase-mask, which generates coded diffracted intensity pattern, allowing us to extract subpixel information. The system’s noise-robustness was investigated and verified. The super-resolution phase-imaging is demonstrated by simulations and physical experiments. The simulations included high quality reconstructions with super-resolution factor of 5, and acceptable at factor up to 9. By physical experiments 3 µm details were resolved, which are 2.3 times smaller than the resolution following from the Nyquist-Shannon sampling theorem.

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Field of science, Statistics Finland